Blacksmith Shop

One of the most essential craftsmen of peasant communities was the blacksmith. He produced and repaired tools for farming, made the fittings for wagons, sharpened ploughs, scythes or sickles and shod horses, but he was also adept in curing animals.
In 1967, the director of the Museum, László Makay bought the equipment and tool-kit (altogether 243 objects) from József Fekésházi’s blacksmith shop, who once worked in Kisvárda. The blacksmith shop originally belonged to László Fekete,  whose shop had benn already run in the 1880s. Its owner made the signboard with galloping horses at this time, which was retained by József Fekésházi.
In 1988, Béla Fehérvári revived the blacksmith shop in the museum using the professional guidance of András Fekésházi. He also exhibited the tools of two other blacksmith shops from the museum’s collection.
A roofed shoeing place is in the forefront of the shop. The shoeing table and the shoeing trestle can be found here. On the table are the shoeing tools: hoof knife, hoof nail, nippers, rasps, clinchers, pincers and hammers. The wagon wheels are placed here, on which the iron rim will be pulled. The harrow with iron spikes and the plough for sharpening are also exhibited here.
In front of the imaginary entrance is the furnace with two semi-circular burning cokes in the middle. Above the coal forge is a smoke tent, which collects and conducts gases and other products of combustion generated by the iron heating through the stack into the chimney. The hand-powered, pear-shaped large bellow is also connected, the pliers are placed in the near. The tool frame made from staves and holding hammers and other tools are standing slightly further. On the vice, by the wall, pliers, hammers, wagon parts are placed. Dies, wrenches, horseshoes, scissors, hand saw are hanging on the wall. In front of the furnace, the anvil is placed on a stump. The hand hammer is on the stump and the sledge hammer is leant to it. One of the most important tools of shaping iron is the hammer. The heaviest is the sledge hammer: 5-10 kg with 50-100 cm long handle. The half-hand hammer is smaller, weights only 3-4 kg. There are 7-8 different types of hammers in use, depending on the type of the work process.
A wide variety of work has been done in a well-equipped blacksmith shop. Besides shoeing they repaired and sharpened ploughs, pulled rims to wheels, made anvils, hammers and hay, and straw cutters. A skilful blacksmith was able to produce all the siderurgical tools, according to the needs of the peasants.